More and more people are turning to GPS devices to aid them in their outdoor adventures. These devices can be instrumental in helping you navigate trails, keep track of your progress and, most importantly, keep you safe. In this article, we will go through all the key features you should be looking for when choosing the right GPS device for your hiking or off-road adventure.
Why GPS Devices Are Important for Hiking and Off-road Adventures
Gone are the days when a paper map and compass were the only tools for navigational assistance. While these tools still have their place, GPS devices are an incredibly helpful addition. They provide accurate real-time information on your whereabouts and can keep you on track even if trail markers are missing, unclear or damaged. Additionally, GPS devices are equipped with features that can help you stay safe, including tracking and communication capabilities.
Another advantage of GPS devices is that they can help you plan your route in advance. You can use mapping software to plot your course and identify potential hazards or obstacles. This can save you time and energy by avoiding unnecessary detours or difficult terrain.
Furthermore, GPS devices can be used to record your journey, allowing you to review your route and track your progress. This can be useful for future reference or for sharing with others who may be interested in the same route. Some GPS devices even allow you to add notes or photos to your journey, creating a digital record of your adventure.
Types of GPS Devices for Outdoor Activities
The two most prevalent types of GPS devices available are handheld units and wearables (similar to a smartwatch). Handheld units are usually more robust and offer longer battery life. They are generally also more accurate, but they can sometimes be bulky and heavy, which can detract from the outdoor experience. Wearables, on the other hand, can be more comfortable and discreet to use, but they often come with shorter battery life and limited functionality, given their smaller size.
In addition to handheld units and wearables, there are also GPS devices that are specifically designed for certain outdoor activities. For example, there are GPS devices that are optimized for hiking, with features such as topographic maps and trail information. There are also GPS devices that are designed for marine activities, with features such as water resistance and tide information. These specialized GPS devices can provide a more tailored experience for outdoor enthusiasts.
Another factor to consider when choosing a GPS device for outdoor activities is the type of satellite network it uses. The two main satellite networks are GPS (Global Positioning System) and GLONASS (Global Navigation Satellite System). GPS is the more widely used network, but GLONASS can provide better accuracy in certain regions. Some GPS devices are also capable of using both networks, which can provide even greater accuracy and reliability.
Key Features to Look for in a GPS Device for Hiking Trails and Off-road Adventures
When deciding on a GPS device for hiking and off-road adventures, there are several key features that you should be looking for:
- Multiple navigation tools
- High level of accuracy
- Long battery life
- Rugged, durable construction
- Easy-to-read display
- Water-resistant or waterproof
- Ability to store multiple maps and points of interest
Another important feature to consider when choosing a GPS device for hiking and off-road adventures is the ability to track your progress and record your route. This can be helpful for reviewing your journey and sharing it with others. Some GPS devices also offer the ability to connect to a computer or smartphone to upload and analyze your data.
Additionally, it’s important to consider the size and weight of the GPS device. If you’re going on a long hike or backpacking trip, you’ll want a device that is lightweight and compact. However, if you’re using the GPS device for more extreme outdoor activities, such as rock climbing or mountaineering, you may want a device with more advanced features and a larger screen.
How to Determine the Accuracy of a GPS Device
GPS devices will vary in their level of accuracy. One way to judge accuracy is to look at how many channels a device has – the more channels, the more satellites it can connect with, and the more accurate it will be. Additionally, devices with WAAS/EGNOS capabilities are more accurate than those without. Another factor that can impact accuracy is the device’s antenna – the stronger the antenna, the better the signal reception.
Another important factor to consider when determining the accuracy of a GPS device is the environment in which it is being used. GPS signals can be affected by factors such as tall buildings, trees, and even weather conditions. In urban areas with tall buildings, for example, GPS signals may bounce off buildings and cause inaccuracies in location tracking. Similarly, in areas with dense tree cover, GPS signals may be obstructed, leading to less accurate readings.
It’s also worth noting that the accuracy of a GPS device can be affected by the quality of the maps it uses. Some GPS devices come pre-loaded with detailed maps, while others may require you to download maps separately. If the maps are outdated or incomplete, this can lead to inaccuracies in location tracking. It’s important to ensure that the maps on your GPS device are up-to-date and accurate for the area you will be using it in.
Battery Life and Durability Considerations for GPS Devices
Battery life and durability are essential factors to consider when choosing a GPS device for the outdoors. Aim for a device that can go at least a day on a single charge (if not longer). Consider the size and weight of the device, as well as its ruggedness. It should be able to withstand rough handling, falls and exposure to the elements, especially water.
Another important consideration when choosing a GPS device is its accuracy. Look for a device that has a high level of accuracy, as this will ensure that you can rely on it to guide you accurately to your destination. Some devices also come with additional features such as preloaded maps, which can be useful if you are exploring a new area.
It is also worth considering the user interface of the device. A device with a user-friendly interface will be easier to use and navigate, which can be particularly important if you are using it in challenging conditions. Look for a device that has clear and easy-to-read displays, as well as intuitive controls that are easy to operate even when wearing gloves.
Top Brands and Models of GPS Devices for Outdoor Activities
Some of the top brands and models of GPS devices for outdoor activities include Garmin, Suunto, Magellan, and Lowrance. These brands have a range of options available, from entry-level models to high-end devices packed with features.
Garmin is a popular brand among hikers and backpackers due to its reliable and accurate GPS technology. Their handheld devices are rugged and durable, designed to withstand harsh outdoor conditions. Suunto, on the other hand, is known for its advanced features such as barometric altimeters and heart rate monitors, making it a favorite among trail runners and mountain climbers.
Magellan offers a range of GPS devices for different outdoor activities, including hiking, hunting, and fishing. Their devices come with preloaded maps and detailed information on terrain and waterways. Lowrance specializes in marine GPS devices, perfect for boaters and anglers who need accurate navigation and fish-finding capabilities.
Budget-friendly Options for GPS Devices
For those looking for budget-friendly GPS devices, Garmin has several options available, including the eTrex 10 and the Foretrex 401. Additionally, you can often find older models of GPS devices for discounted prices, although you should ensure that any device you buy is still accurate and fully functional.
Tips for Using a GPS Device on Hiking Trails and Off-road Adventures
Once you have your GPS device, there are a few tips that can help you make the most of it on your outdoor adventure:
- Learn how to use the device before you head out
- Always carry a paper map and compass as backup
- Start your hike with a fully charged battery
- Track your progress regularly
- Keep important information (such as emergency contacts) stored in the device
How to Download Maps and Waypoints onto Your GPS Device
To download maps and waypoints onto your GPS device, you will need to connect it to your computer and use compatible software. Most devices come with their own software, although you can also use third-party software such as BaseCamp or MapSource. To download waypoints or tracks, you will need to export them as a GPX file and then import them into your GPS.
The Importance of Knowing How to Use Your GPS Device Before Hitting the Trail
Before heading out on your adventure, take the time to familiarize yourself with your GPS device. Ensure that you understand how to use all the features, including navigation and communication functions. Plan a few practice sessions before hitting the trail to ensure that you know how to use the device effectively.
How to Maintain Your GPS Device for Long-term Use
To ensure that your GPS device stays in good condition for long-term use, you should take several steps, including regular cleaning, avoiding extreme temperatures, and storing it in a dry, safe place when not in use. Additionally, you should regularly update and maintain the device’s software and firmware to ensure it remains accurate and up-to-date.
Comparison of Handheld vs Wearable GPS Devices
Handheld GPS devices generally have larger screens and more extensive functionality, including the ability to load and store multiple maps. They also have longer battery life and are typically more robust and durable. However, they can be bulky and heavy to carry on long hikes. Wearable GPS devices, such as smartwatches, are more comfortable to wear and lighter in weight. They offer limited functionality and less storage space, and usually have a shorter battery life.
Benefits of Using a Smartphone App as a Backup to Your GPS Device
While GPS devices are designed for outdoor use, smartphone apps can also be an essential backup tool. Apps like AllTrails or Gaia GPS provide trail maps and GPS functionality, giving you an additional level of navigation security. However, they are not as durable or reliable as a standalone GPS, so should not be relied upon solely.
How to Troubleshoot Common Issues with Your GPS Device During Hikes
Even the most advanced GPS devices can sometimes encounter problems during hikes. To troubleshoot common issues, try the following steps:
- Ensure that the device’s battery is charged
- Check that the antenna is fully extended
- Look for obstructions that could be interfering with signal reception
- Review your settings to ensure they are correctly configured
With the right GPS device, you can increase your safety and confidence on hiking trails and off-road adventures. Paying attention to key features such as accuracy, battery life, and durability, and using these devices as a tool (not a crutch), will help you make the most of them.